Exploring the classical world
This module is for anyone interested in ancient Greece and Rome. You'll investigate a wide range of topics such as Homer’s poetry and the society where it was created; fifth century Athens; republican Rome; and Roman social history. This module explores ancient poetry, drama and historical texts in English translations along with art, architecture and archaeological evidence, to build an understanding of the classical world. Whether your interest in Greece and Rome is long-standing or new, this module will give you a fresh perspective, develop your skills in analysis and evaluation and lay a firm foundation for further exploration.
What you will study
The civilisations of classical Greece and Rome are in many respects far removed from our own, but are nevertheless highly relevant to modern western culture.
You'll begin with the overall geography and history of the era to gain a framework in which you can situate the individual cultures and periods that you'll study in this module. It will also provide background knowledge for further modules in classical studies that you may wish to take in the future.
After this introduction, the module is organised historically, allowing you to study a range of different topics in chronological order, moving from Greece to Rome. However, it isn't simply a survey module, as you will engage, in depth, with a selection of particularly interesting aspects of the classical world. The common theme running throughout the module is an exploration of what made different places and times culturally distinctive, and how we can try to understand them so many years later. The module is divided into the following six sections:
This will help you think about the methods that we can use to study the classical world, and introduce you to the sources at our disposal. It will also let you familiarise yourself with key features of Greek and Roman geography and history.
Block 1: Homer and the Early Greek World
This block focuses on early Greek culture and society by looking at literary texts and material evidence from the period from around 800 to 500 BCE. You'll explore the epics that relate to the stories of the Trojan War, which are attributed to the poet Homer – the Iliad and the Odyssey – and other poetic texts from this period, as well as material culture (archaeological remains, sculpture and vase painting).
Block 2: Classical Athens
This block looks at Athens in the fifth century BCE. You will explore four major cultural products of the fifth century BCE: Aeschylus' tragedy, the Persians; the buildings on the Acropolis; Pericles’ Funeral Speech; and Aristophanes' comedy Lysistrata. These sources have a shared focus: the Athenians' understanding of their own identity as Athenians.
Block 3: The Roman Republic
This block examines Roman cultural identity starting from Greek settlement in Italy to the expansion of the Roman Republic in Italy, the organisation of the Roman Republic, reputations of members of the Roman elite and the city of Rome. Your work then explores four important figures from Roman history: Spartacus – the leader of a slave revolt; the poet Catullus; the orator Cicero; and the general Julius Caesar.
Block 4: Rome – City and People
This block turns to social history. You'll learn about the population of Rome, how it was organised socially, slavery, family life and mass entertainment shows, in the city of Rome. You'll work closely with ancient sources including the letters of Pliny the Younger and of Cicero and inscriptions on tombstones.
Block 5: Revision and Retrospection
This block will help you to look back and pull together the threads that run through the module in preparation for the end-of-module assessment that is an extended essay.
You will learn
As you go through the module, you will:
- acquire a broad knowledge of the political, social and cultural history as well as the geography of the classical world
- acquire a broad knowledge and understanding of the various disciplines that make up classical studies, and develop your ability to practise the methods of enquiry used by these disciplines
- develop your ability to examine critically different kinds of ancient material and modern interpretations of this material
- develop skills to communicate your knowledge and understanding in an appropriately scholarly manner.
This is an OU level 2 module and builds on the OU level 1 modules Discovering the arts and humanities (A111), or The arts past and present (AA100) (now discontinued), and Voices, texts and material culture (A105). These OU level 1 modules develop skills such as logical thinking, clear expression, essay writing and the ability to select and interpret relevant materials. They also offer an introduction to a range of subjects in the arts and humanities. If you have not studied at university level before, you are strongly advised to study at OU level 1 before progressing to OU level 2 study.
If you have any doubt about the suitability of the module, please speak to an adviser.
If you have not taken an OU level 1 module in the arts, you will find it useful to have The Arts Good Study Guide (E. Chambers and A. Northedge, The Open University), which will help you to develop your study skills.
Module books, other printed material and a module website which includes audio and video materials.
You will regularly use online audios and videos. The teaching features a balance of printed materials and online study. It also provides its own user-friendly website, including maps of the ancient world, and an audio pronunciation guide of ancient names. The use of all these materials is straightforward and carefully introduced in the module.
A computing device with a browser and broadband internet access is required for this module. Any modern browser will be suitable for most computer activities. Functionality may be limited on mobile devices.
Any additional software will be provided, or is generally freely available. However, some activities may have more specific requirements. For this reason, you will need to be able to install and run additional software on a device that meets the requirements below.
A desktop or laptop computer with either:
- Windows 7 or higher
- Mac OS X 10.7 or higher
The screen of the device must have a resolution of at least 1024 pixels horizontally and 768 pixels vertically.
To join in the spoken conversation in our online rooms we recommend a headset (headphones or earphones with an integrated microphone).
Our Skills for OU study website has further information including computing skills for study, computer security, acquiring a computer and Microsoft software offers for students.
Materials to buy
- Pomeroy, S.B., et al. (ed) A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, and Culture (International 3rd edn) Oxford University Press £32.99 - ISBN 9780199981564
- Gwynn, D.M. The Roman Republic: A Very Short Introduction Oxford University Press £7.99 - ISBN 9780199595112
- Homer: Verity, A. (trans.) The Iliad Oxford University Press £8.99 - ISBN 9780199645213
- Radice, B. (trans.) The Letters of the Younger Pliny Penguin £9.99 - ISBN 9780140441277