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Astrobiology
Io - moon of Jupiter

Astrobiology

AstrobiologyOU is research group of over 50 staff and students who work together to understand how, and where, life might be found beyond Earth and the scientific and ethical challenges faced by astrobiology-related exploration missions.

AstrobiologyOU work across four key themes:

  • Finding evidence of life – including identifying habitable environments, the signatures that life may leave behind, and the ethical implications of looking for, and finding life.
  • Planetary protection – protecting the Solar System from contamination from Earth and protecting the Earth from anything that may be brought back from space.
  • The Earth as an analogue – using locations on Earth similar to those in space, investigating terrestrial microbial communities in extreme environments, and understanding and regulating the impact of this work on the local human communities.
  • Societal impacts – including international development, engagement, education, ethics and inclusion, and the application of AstrobiologyOU’s research to meet societal needs.

These themes are addressed through dedicated, multidisciplinary teams in science, governance, education and engagement, and international development. Our research is supported by an excellent technical and administrative team, including laboratory and business development staff.

Our research funding is from Research England, The Science and Technology Facilities Council, the UK Space Agency, the European Space Agency, the European Union and the Leverhulme Trust.

Key facts

  • AstrobiologyOU has over 40 members of staff and about 15 PhD students. Our researchers are drawn from four schools, three faculties, and work in three of the Open University’s Strategic Research Areas.
  • We offer access to state-of-the art laboratory facilities and excellent technical support.
  • Several of our researchers are involved in key astrobiology-related missions and in developing international planetary protection regulations.
  • AstrobiologyOU expanded to its current size through a £6.7million investment from Research England and its ‘Expanding Excellence in England’ programme.
  • Specific astrobiology research degrees are advertised through the four schools associated with the group, and students benefit from being members of multiple research communities.
  • We have regular research group meetings, informal coffee and other social events.

Facilities

Our research benefits from an extensive suite of laboratories here on campus, housing advanced analytical instrumentation and simulation facilities.

The state-of-the-art Astrobiology laboratories accommodate microbiology, molecular biology, geochemistry and environmental chemistry. The pride of the group are the Parr continuous-flow pressure reactors which can be used to simulate a variety of space environments over a range of temperatures and pressures.

To complement these reactors, we have an array of instrumentation designed to grow microorganisms from extreme, mostly anaerobic, conditions; from anaerobic chambers to a dedicated gas purging station for making media, to bioreactors that can be used to grow continuous cultures.

To extract and identify microorganisms from extreme environments we use molecular techniques. We have a dedicated low biomass nucleic acid extraction facility for working with these samples.

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Research topics

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Education and engagement

Governance

International development

Science

 
 

Related topics

Consider linked topics from other research areas.

Astrobiology, space law and governance